Animal Behavior Screencasts

missing image

Screencasts (video podcasts) hosted by Dr. David B. Miller Professor Emeritus at The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, U.S.A. These screencasts were formerly used in Dr. Miller's Animal Behavior course from 2009 to 2017, prior to his retirement.

0 Likes     0 Followers     0 Subscribers

Sign up / Log in to like, follow, recommend and subscribe!

Website
http://icube.uconn.edu
Description
Screencasts (video podcasts) hosted by Dr. David B. Miller Professor Emeritus at The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, U.S.A. These screencasts were formerly used in Dr. Miller's Animal Behavior course from 2009 to 2017, prior to his retirement.
Language
🇬🇧 English
last modified
2018-11-12 09:17
last episode published
2018-11-12 09:17
publication frequency
6.6 days
Contributors
David B. Miller owner   managing editor   author  
Explicit
false
Number of Episodes
85
Rss-Feeds
Detail page
Categories
Education Science & Medicine Natural Sciences Higher Education

Recommendations


Episodes

Date Thumb Title & Description Contributors
12.11.2018

Development: Episode 9: Early Experience (FINAL EPISODE IN THIS SERIES)

Early experience greatly affects behavioral development. Here we look at different ways of experimentally addressing how that takes place. THIS IS THE FINAL EPISODE OF THE ANIMAL BEHAVIOR SCREENCASTS SERIES. ALL EPISODES WILL REMAIN AVAILABLE ON iTUN...
5.11.2018

Development: Episode 8: Reformulation of Imprinting

Konrad Lorenz’s original imprinting question concerned species recognition in relation to mate selection. This reformulation drills down to individual recognition as a possible mechanism underlying incest avoidance in relation to a model of optimal ou...
31.10.2018

Development: Episode 7: Problems with Imprinting

Imprinting is a powerful phenomenon, but the manner in which it is studied experimentally is sometimes questionable, ranging from the tasks that animals are required to do to demonstrate preferences to the issue of redirecting species-typical preferenc...
22.10.2018

Development: Episode 6: Critical Periods

The concept of critical periods is often associated with imprinting as well as other phenomena ranging from experimental embryology to language development. The experimental study of critical periods, however, usually ignores a critical methodological...
15.10.2018

Development: Episode 5: Imprinting

An examination of sexual and filial imprinting (social attachments) from an historical perspective.
8.10.2018

Development: Episode 4: Behavioral Embryology

Important events occur before birth or hatching, both in terms of embryonic movements and the influences of incoming sensory information. The extent of significant contributions to postnatal development can depend on how "altriciality" or "precocialit...
5.10.2018

Development: Episode 3: Experience

The ways that experience, both prenatal and postnatal, can affect behavioral development can often times be obvious (linear) or not so obvious (nonlinear). There are also 5 different ways in which either form of experience can greatly affect developme...
24.09.2018

Development: Episode 2: Nature-Nurture Controversy

Developmental systems and a consideration of evidence inconsistent with genetic determinism, such as the C-value paradox and contextual & experiential activation of genetic activity. Also, epigenetics, and flawed views of so-called interactionism,...
17.09.2018

Development: Episode 1: General Conceptual Issues

To paraphrase animal behaviorists T. C. Schneirla and Niko Tinbergen, an understanding of animal behavior necessitates an understanding of how behavior actually develops, beginning prenatally. Here, we look at a few issues concerning developmental sci...
14.09.2018

Communication: Episode 16: Ape Language Controversy

A look at the controversy surrounding the ape language controversy, including the apes Vicki, Washoe, Sarah, Lana, Sherman & Austin, Nim, Kanzi, and Panbanisha.
3.09.2018

Communication: Episode 15: Other Senses

Some nonhuman organisms use senses that are undeveloped in humans. As discussed here, these include electrical communication, magnetic sensitivity, surface wave communication, and dome pressure sensitivity.
27.08.2018

Communication: Episode 14: Tactile

Many species communicate via touch (tactile communication), including allogrooming, allopreening, etc. Here, we look at some examples, including swarming onset by locusts and tandem running in ants.
20.08.2018

Communication: Episode 13: Olfaction

Many animals communicate via odor molecules. Here we look at comparative aspects of olfaction, including underwater odor communication as well as olfactory receptors in the antennae of cockroaches.
13.08.2018

Communication: Episode 12: Vocal Imitation

Some bird species have excellent abilities to imitate other species of birds as well as other sounds. This brief episode shows a few examples.
7.08.2018

Communication: Episode 11: Song Complexity

Some animal vocalizations are relatively simple in acoustic structure, but many are also very complex and can be energetically costly to produce. So, why produce them? Here we examine some data on frog and bird vocalizations that offer possible expla...
30.07.2018

Communication: Episode 10: Methods of Studying Bird Song

In an attempt to ascertain how some species of song birds learn their songs, researchers have developed techniques to disrupt auditory input as well as output and assess the results on adult song.
23.07.2018

Communication: Episode 9: Bird Song Complexity, Mechanisms, and Development

An examination of the complexity of bird song, the syrinx—a structure that is primarily responsible for it, and how song develops from nestlings to adults.
16.07.2018

Communication: Episode 8: Sonic & Symbolic Communication

How nonhuman animals use sounds within the human hearing range to refer to specific items, such as threats from potential predators as well as food items.
10.07.2018

Communication: Episode 7: Ultrasounds & Infrasounds

Many nonhuman species send and receive auditory signals outside the range of human hearing. Low-frequency infrasound and high-frequency ultrasounds play numerous roles, as discussed here.
2.07.2018

Communication: Episode 6: Infrared & Ultraviolet Communication

Infrared & ultraviolet senses are used extensively by a wide variety of nonhuman organisms, even though these senses are outside the range of visible light to which humans are sensitive. Some examples shown here involve California Ground Squirrel ...
25.06.2018

Communication: Episode 5: Bioluminescence

Bioluminescence is a form of visual communication involving pulses of light produced by specific organs in a variety of species, such as deep-sea fishes, jellyfishes, and fireflies.
11.06.2018

Communication: Episode 4: Visual Communication

Various aspects of how animals communicate visually, including the waggle dance of honey bees, how honeyguides help Boran people locate honey, asymmetrical tail-wagging of dogs that reflect different emotional states, and mockingbird recognition of thr...
5.06.2018

Communication: Episode 3: Localization

Locating the source of an animal vocalizing ranges from relatively easy to quite difficult, and it all depends on structure of the signal. Easy-to-localize sounds are used for specific purposes, and difficult-to-localize sounds are used for other purp...
29.05.2018

Communication: Episode 2: Physical Aspects

How nonhuman organisms deal with environmental noise to enable effective communication. Noise includes signal attenuation and signal degradation, and has effects on stimulus detection and stimulus recognition.
23.05.2018

Communication: Episode 1: Definition & Neuronal Mechanisms

The definition of communication is complex and somewhat controversial. We'll explore why that's the case, and then move on to some neuronal mechanisms enabling effective communication.
18.05.2018

Mating Behavior: Episode 7: Mating Systems

Different species have different mating systems that characterize the primary (though not solely) means under which reproduction occurs. Here, we examine perennial & seasonal monogamy, polygamy, including polygyny & polyandry, and promiscuity,...
7.05.2018

Mating Behavior: Episode 6: Breeding Synchrony

An examination of 3 reasons why some species of nonhuman organisms breed synchronously: Optimal Resource Availability; Social Foraging; and, Avoiding Predation.
5.05.2018

Mating Behavior: Episode 5: Speciation

An examination of sexual selection in relation to speciation, including runaway sexual selection and sensory exploitation.
26.04.2018

Mating Behavior: Episode 4: Inbreeding

Deleterious effects of inbreeding in lions, and mechanisms of incest avoidance in zebra finches via female choice of male song, and incest compensation in shore birds via extra-pair mating.
19.04.2018

Mating Behavior: Episode 3: Female Choice of Mate

When it comes to sexual selection, males court females, and females choose with whom to mate (with a few exceptions). Thus, female choice of mate is critical, and here we describe examples of this as well as related phenomena such as the Handicap Prin...
9.04.2018

Mating Behavior: Episode 2: Male Dominance

Males compete for females in a variety of ways: competitive mate searching, various mechanisms of sperm competition, and overt conflict. This screencast portrays each of these with a variety of examples.
2.04.2018

Mating Behavior: Episode 1: Sexual Selection

The Darwinian concept of sexual selection, explored through examples of sexual dimorphism, how females can benefit by being choosy when selecting a mate, what cues females might use to assess potential mates.
26.03.2018

Hormones & Semiochemicals: Episode 4: Pheromones

Pheromones are semiochemicals that typically communicate within a species for such purposes as territory marking and sexual behavior. Occasionally, they might operate between species, as we'll see in this screencast.
19.03.2018

Hormones & Semiochemicals: Episode 3: Allelochemics

Allelochemics are semiochemicals (i.e., chemicals that have either communicative value or anti-predator benefits) that communicate between different species. Three subclasses of allelochemics are allomones (that benefit the sender), kairomones (that b...
12.03.2018

Hormones & Semiochemicals: Episode 2: Interaction of Hormones & Behavior

The reproductive behavior of ring doves has been investigated thoroughly beginning with the pioneering studies by Daniel S. Lehrman and his associates. His work, which is described here, nicely illustrates how external environmental factors cause the ...
David B. Miller author
5.03.2018

Hormones & Semiochemicals: Episode 1: Activational & Organizational Effects of Hormones

An examination of how how hormones have an immediate (activation) effect and how they have a longer-term (organizational) effect on behavior.
26.02.2018

Domestication: Episode 3: Degeneration vs. Context

What happens to animals during the domestication process? Is their behavioral altered in a way that renders them “abnormal,” or are any observed behavioral changes due to the context in which domestic animals are maintained? The Russian geneticist Di...
20.02.2018

Domestication: Episode 2: Domestication as a Social Process

Domestication is viewed as one of several social processes involving a "guest" as the exploiting species and a "host" as the exploiting species. Other processes include symbiosis, scavenging, robbing, social parasitism, and taming. Each of these are ...
12.02.2018

Domestication: Episode 1: Introduction to Domestication

The process of domestication as analogous to natural selection, examples of domesticated animals, including an historical perspective leading back to Darwin. Also, experimental studies of artificial selection, and the steps necessary to create domesti...
6.02.2018

Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 10: Development and Evolution

An examination of changes in timing of developmental events over evolutionary time—a phenomenon known as "heterochrony," which covers both accelerated development across evolution as well as neoteny, a slowing down of developmental events.
29.01.2018

Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 9: Cultural Evolution

Ways in which cultural evolution can occur and numerous examples in a birds, nonhuman primates, and whales.
22.01.2018

Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 8: Hyperselectionism & Exaptation

Here, we explore whether every behavior has necessarily been selected for its current role, or if they were originally selected for a different role. The term “exaptation” helps to distinguish between these alternatives, as we consider a number of exa...
15.01.2018

Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 7: Adaptation

Numerous examples of animal adaptation among a wide variety of species, including the relationship between adaptation and speciation illustrated by Darwin's Finches.
10.01.2018

Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 6: Speciation

Examples of ecological speciation, ecological character displacement, and geographic isolation, as mechanisms by which speciation can occur.
6.01.2018

Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 5: Rates of Evolution

Is the rate of evolutionary change gradual or rapid? This screencast explores the Darwinian rate of gradualism vs. salvationism, or punctuated equilibrium. The two are not mutually exclusive.
1.01.2018

Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 4: Altruism

Examples of altruism and reciprocal altruism, plus mechanisms of kin recognition.
26.12.2017

Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 3: Altruism, Cooperation, Hybrids

Examples of altruism, cooperation, kin selection, and animal hybrids.
23.12.2017

Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 2: Units of Selection

A discussion about 3 units of natural selection: Individual (Darwinian), Genic, and Group Selection, and how Group Selection is not necessarily inconsistent with Individual Selection.
23.12.2017

Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 1: Evolution Scorecard

Evolution's scorecard in terms of its coverage in schools in the United States. Also, a brief look at how creationism may have played a role in undermining the public's understanding of evolution. Finally, a look at Darwin's "missing evidence"—indus...
30.11.2017

Ethological Concepts: Episode 4: Innate & Instinctive Behavior

The distinction between innate and instinctive behavior. Also, an examination of fixed action patterns, consummatory acts, action-specific energy, and Konrad Lorenz’s model of instinctive behavior.